2014 Nobel Peace Prize Laureates
Norway, October 10th 2014 The Storting (The Parliament of Norway) and Nobel Foundation
The Norwegian Nobel Committee today on October 10th announced Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi as both the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates for 2014, in recognition for “their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.” The Norwegian committee emphasized in their press release the importance of the respect for the “rights of children and young people” as a “prerequisite for peaceful global development”. “In conflict-ridden areas in particular, the violation of children leads to the continuation of violence from generation to generation”.
According to the latest International Labour Organization (ILO) statistics (2010), there is over 215 million children in the world forced into child labour. The ILO defines child labour as “work performed by children who are under the minimum age legally specified for that kind of work, or work which, because of its detrimental nature or conditions, is considered unacceptable for children and is prohibited.” It is believed that more than half of children are forced into the “worst forms” of child labour which includes armed conflict, drug trafficking and prostitution.
According to the ILO, child labour not only “undermines the roots of human nature and [human] rights” but it also “threatens future social and economic progress worldwide”. Child labourers suffer life-long physical and psychological disabilities working in environments where they are subject to hazardous working conditions and denigration, harassment and abuse. Without education, these children have little chance of ending the cycles of poverty and exploitation. Discriminated and excluded minorities and ethnic groups, people with disabilities, indigenous peoples and girls are more often the most vulnerable to child labour.
The challenge, endorsed by the ILO in 2006, is to end child labour worldwide by 2016. We will be covering the latest ILO reports on child labor in our key report series.
Malala Fund at Malala.org
The Malala Fund works to break the cycle of poverty and empower girls through education with integrated approach that consists of 3 pillars: amplification, advocacy and investment.
Bachpan Bachao Andolan at Bba.org
Bachpan Bachao Andolan organization works to create a child friendly society, where all children are free from exploitation and receive free and quality education.
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (Entry into force: 19 Nov 2000)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment (Entry into force: 19 Jun 1976)
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